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Past Perfect With Examples

past Perfect With Examples

What is The Past Perfect

The past perfect is a verb tense that is used to express actions which have finished at some point in the past. Specifically, it is used to clarify that one event happened before another.

To put things in perspective, let’s check the following examples:

In the above sentence, we can see that there are two events:

So, the first part of the sentence has the first event (Carl had gone out), and the second part has the following event (we arrived in the bus station). Since both events happened in the past, the past perfect (in this case, “Carl had gone”) is used to illustrate that one event happened before the other.

When to Use the Past Perfect

1- When two actions have finished in the past:

As we mentioned earlier, this tense is used to make it clear which action happened first in the past before another. Moreover, it is often used to provide a reason for why something happened.

2- Continued Past Events

We can also use the past perfect to talk about an event or action that happened in the past and continued until another one.

3- Wishes in the Past

When talking about things that we wish we could change in the past.

How to Use the Past Perfect

It is easy to form the past perfect tense, and it doesn’t change if the subject is either singular or plural. The positive form of this tense is:

Had + [past participle].

To form the negative form, you can just add the negation word “not” after had.

To form the “yes, no question”, you simply need to put the word “had” before subject.

To form the “Wh questions” you simply need to put the question at the beginning.