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Present Continuous

Present Continuous in English

The present continuous, also called present progressive, is an English tense that is often used to talk about activities that take place in the present and are still happening for quite a short time.


1.First, we use the present continuous when talking about things that are happening at the moment of speaking:

2.The present continuous can be used as well in temporary situations:

3.We can use it for new habits:

4.We can use the present progressive when talking about future plans or arrangements:

5.For something that is changing, growing, or developing:

6.Before the adverb "always":


This is how the present continuous is formed in the positive with contractions:

Positive Positive Short Form
I am sleeping I’m sleeping
You are sleeping You’re sleeping
He is sleeping He’s sleeping
She is sleeping She’s sleeping
It is sleeping It’s sleeping
We are sleeping We’re sleeping
They are sleeping They’re sleeping

We make a negative form by adding the word ’not’:

Negative Negative Short Form
I am not sleeping I’m not sleeping
You are not playing You’re not playing
He is not reading He’s not reading
She is not working She’s not working
It is not raining It’s not raining
We are not cooking We’re not cooking
They are not listening They’re not listening

Finally, this is how to form both, wh-questions and yes / no questions:

Yes / No Questions Wh Questions
Am I eating fruits? Why am I eating fruits?
Are you studying now? What are you studying now?
Is he working? When is he working?
Is she doing her homework? What is she doing?
Is it snowing? Why is it snowing?
Are we meeting at seven? Who are we meeting?
Are they traveling? How are they traveling?

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