Phrasal Verbs Types With Examples

Phrasal Verbs Types With Examples

Phrasal verbs are groups of words used as a verb. These groups must contain either a verb or an adverb or a preposition (sometimes both). They form a complete semantic unit because the words that make up a phrasal verb together describe an action.

Consider the following sentences:

  • I ran into my first-grade teacher.

Here the verb “run” does not make sense on its own; it requires the preposition “into” to function in its intended meaning. To “run into” someone means that you meet them by chance or unexpectedly.

  • We made plans to hang out with her at the beach this weekend.

Samething here, with the verb “hang” which does not make sense on its own;but with the particle “out” it completes its intended meaning. To “hang out” with someone means that you spend time together.

Notice that phrasal verbs are used in a sentence just like normal verbs. They simply require the combination to make meaning, as each word has a separate (and very different) meaning if used alone.

Types of Phrasal Verbs

1. Prepositional Verbs (verb + preposition)

If the verb is combined with a preposition, we call this a prepositional verb. Below, each phrasal verb combination is in bold.

  • My cousin is looking after the kids on Saturday.
  • Will you stand by me even if I make a bad decision?
  • Andrea ran into her old friend at the movie theatre.
  • Your son really takes after his father!
  • Because of his age, Andrew passes for a high school student.
  • Andy refused to go to school after he was picked on by a bully.

2. Particle Verbs (verb + particle)

If the verb is combined with a particle that does not function as a preposition (since it has no complement), we call this a prepositional verb. Below, each phrasal verb combination is in bold.

  • Do you want to hang out on Sunday afternoon?
  • On Fridays, we are allowed to dress down at work and wear jeans.
  • Before you invest in a house, you really should think it over.
  • Did Angela hand in her homework?
  • After much persuasion, she decided to give in.
  • Did you bring up how delicious her cookies were?

3. Particle-Prepositional verbs (verb + particle + preposition)

If the verb is combined with both a particle and a preposition, we call this a partical-prepositional verb. Below, each phrasal verb combination is in bold.

  • We are looking forward to going camping this weekend.
  • Before the hurricane, we loaded up on bottled water.
  • Why does she put up with him?
  • My partner has been sitting in for me at the meetings.

List of Phrasal Verbs and Their Meanings (with Examples)

Phrasal verbs can be confusing to people learning English precisely because the combination of words changes the meaning of the verb completely, often in ways that mean something entirely unexpected.

Below we list some common phrasal verbs with their meanings, along with an example of each, to help you understand their usage.

Phrasal Verbs Explanations Examples
abide by respect or obey a rule, decision, or law If you want to join this club, you will have to abide by the rules.
account for explain, give a reason The thief was unable to account for his whereabouts at the time of the bank robbery.
add up make sense, seem reasonable The lawyer argued that the facts just didn’t add up.
advise against recommend not doing something He advised me against parking too close to the other car.
agree with have the same opinion as someone else Juan didn’t agree that it was time to find another job.
allow for take into consideration Many people take extra time when traveling to allow for unexpected events.
appeal to be attractive or interesting The idea of skydiving just doesn’t appeal to me.
apply for make a formal request for something Ashley is applying for university this summer.
back away move backwards, in fear or dislike When they saw the snake, they backed away slowly.
back down withdraw, concede defeat The governor backed down on his threat to close restaurants.
back down withdraw, concede defeat The governor backed down on his threat to close restaurants.
back up make a copy of Always back up your work when you are writing!
back up make a copy of Always back up your work when you are writing!
bank on base your hopes on something / someone Arturo was banking on getting an extra day off this weekend.
black out faint, lose consciousness She was feeling ill and then she suddenly blacked out in the kitchen.
black off separate using a barrier They blocked off the construction site for safety reasons.
blow up explode, or to get angry He blew up when he saw all the damage to his car.
boil down to be summarized as The final decision boils down to who has more money.
break away separate from a crowd We watched as one of the whales broke away and swam the other direction
break down go out of order, cease to function; lose control of one’s emotions She broke down when she heard the news.
break into enter by force I can’t believe someone broke into your apartment last night!
break out start suddenly A protest broke out after the election results arrived
break out of escape from a place by force The criminals were able to break out of policy custody.
break up come to an end of a marriage, relationship Danielle and her boyfriend broke up after 5 years together.
bring up raise a child Were you brought up in the United States or another country?
brush up on improve, refresh one’s knowledge of something I will brush up on my Spanish skills before traveling to the Dominican Republic.
bump into meet by chance or unexpectedly I bumped into our old neighbors at the grocery store.
burn out become exhausted from over-working This semester has been so much work. Everyone is feeling burnt out!
call back return a phone call Please have the doctor call me back at his earliest convenience.
call off cancel The race was called off at the last minute because of the weather.
calm down become more relaxed, less angry or upset She was able to calm down after she learned everyone was alright.
carry on continue Melanie carried on working despite the fact that the electricity went out.
carry out do something as specified The soldiers carried out their orders.
check in register arrival at a hotel or airport Were you able to check in at the hotel when you arrived?
check out investigate I’ll need to check out that information for myself.
clam up unable to speak When the famous actor asked her name, she clammed up./td>
clamp down on act strictly to prevent something After the protests, the governments tarted clamping down on large gatherings.
come across find by chance; appear, seem, make an impression When I was moving, I came across an old diary.
come forward present oneself o Will the person responsible for the damage please come forward?
count on rely or depend on for help o You can always count on friends in times of need.
cut down on reduce in number or size o My mother decided to cut down the amount of sugar in her diet.
cut out stop doing something That sound is annoying. Please cut it out!
deal with handle, take care of problem, situation Sometimes it’s important to take a break to deal with stress at work.
die down calm down, become less strong After the storm died down, it was clear there was a lot of damage
do without manage without If there is not enough money for a vacation this summer, we will have to do without.
drag on last longer than expected o That lecture was interesting, but it sure did drag on!
draw up write (contract, agreement, document The lawyers drew up a contract to finalize the sale of the property.
dress up wear elegant clothes Normally we don’t dress up unless we are going to a fancy dinner party.
drop in visit, usually on the way somewhere My brother was in town, so he decided to drop in for the weekend.
drop off deliver someone or something I’ll swing by and drop off the package later this afternoon.
drop out leave school without finishing Anthony dropped out of college because he lost interest.
ease off reduce, become less severe or slow down The weekday traffic eases off after 9am.
end up finally reach a state, place or action She ended up studying education instead of biology.
fall through fail; doesn’t happen Our plans for this evening fell through so we will reschedule.
figure out understand, find the answer They are trying to figure out how they can travel to the mountains and the beach this summer.
fill out complete a form/an application After you fill out the application, we will let you know if you are suitable for the position.
find out discover or obtain information She is going to find out what you did and be very angry.
focus on concentrate on something I’m going to take a break and focus on this other task instead.
get along (with) be on good terms; work well with Martha seems to get along with everyone in her class.
get at imply I told him it’s not my fault. What is he trying to get at?
get away escape They are planning to drive north and get away for the weekend.
get by manage to cope or to survive It’s hard to get by unless your job pays well enough.
get in enter What time will you get in this evening?
get off leave or exit a bus, train, plane You should get off the bus at the last stop.
get on board bus, train, or plane I just got on the train to New York City.
get on with (something) continue to do; make progress They need to cut their losses and get on with their lives.
get on (well) with (somebody) have a good relationship with My boyfriend seems to get on well with my parents.
get out leave She wanted to get out of the city and explore nature.
get out of avoid doing something He is trying to get out of doing his weekly chores again!
get over recover from illness, disappointment Many people who were sick with the virus were able to get over it in a few weeks.
get rid of eliminate She had to get rid of her old car after it broke down for the tenth time.
get together meet each other Let’s plan to get together and talk more this afternoon.
get up rise, leave bed I don’t like to get up too early in the morning.
give in cease opposition, yield The policy will never give in to the kidnapper’s demands.
give up stop doing something He gave up his dreams to become a world champion after the injury.
go through experience Elizabeth went through a lot after her father died.
grow up spend one’s childhood; develop; become an adult Did you grow up in Paris or in the countryside?
hand in submit report, homework Anthony handed in his report two days late.
hand out distribute I asked her to hand out masks to all the residents.
hang out spend time in a particular place or with a group of friends Are we all going to hang out this weekend or not?
hang up end phone call I’ll send you the meeting agenda as soon as I hang up.
hold on wait, grip tightly They asked us to hold on until the manger returned.
hurry up be quick, act speedily If she hurries up we will have time to get coffee before the meeting.
iron out resolve by discussion, eliminate differences They were able to iron out the final details of the business deal.
join in participate They wouldn’t allow Andrew to join in their football match.
join up engage in, become a member of; meet and unite with Can we join up at the beach later?
keep on continue doing something He keeps on playing the same song over and over.
keep up with stay at the same level as someone or something Do you keep up with events in China?
kick off begin, start The planned a large kick-off event for the summer.
leave out omit, not mention He left out the fact that I did all the work.
let down disappoint I’m sorry to let you down but I was unable to buy the cake you requested.
look after take care of Will you look after my pets while I’m away this weekend?
look down on consider as inferior Martin always looks down on people who have less education than he does.
look on be a spectator at an event You are welcome to look on until you are ready to play football with us.
look for try to find something They went to the city to look for some new clothes.
look forward to await or anticipate with pleasure I’m looking forward to our vacation to Turkey this summer.
look up to admire She really looked up to her grandfather.
make fun of laugh at/ make jokes about Are you making fun of me because I stumbled?
make up invent excuse, story Devin made up an excuse to not attend the party.
mix up mistake one thing or person for another Those two actors looks very similar, so I keep mixing them up.
move in arrive in a new home or office The Andersons just moved into the empty house next door.
move out leave your home/office for another one She will be moving out of her apartment at the end of the semester.
nod off fall asleep I always nod off after the evening news comes on.
own up admit or confess something She owned up to knowing the secret all along.
pass away die His aunt passed away peacefully in her sleep last night.
pass out faint She turned white and looked like she was ready to pass out.
pay back reimburse My brother still hasn’t paid me back the $20 I gave him last week.
put off postpone, arrange a later date I have been putting off this dentist appointment for a long time.
put out extinguish The fire was put out immediate when the fire department arrived.
put up accommodate, give somebody a bed They said they can put me up for the weekend when I am in town.
pick up collect somebody She’s going to swing by and pick me up at 8am.
point out indicate/direct attention to something She pointed out that the house down the street was for sale.
rely on count on, depend on, trust Elizabeth is a friend you can always rely on when you need help.
rule out eliminate They ruled out all of suspects in the crime except one.
run away escape from a place or suddenly leave The dog ran away from home and now everyone is searching for him.
run into meet by accident or unexpectedly I ran into an old friend the other day.
run out of have no more of something Our neighbor came by because she had run out of sugar.
set off start a journey They set off on a new adventure.
set up start a business The couple set up their own restaurant down the street.
shop around compare prices Before you buy your plane, ticket be sure to shop around for the best price.
show off brag or want to be admired He drove around town to show off his new car.
show up appear/arrive Anton didn’t show up for work this morning.
shut up (impolite) stop talking I wish they would shut up, as they are ruining the movie for me.
sit down take a seat Please ask her to sit down and wait for her turn.
stand up rise from a sitting position Everyone stood up when the King entered the hall.
stick up for defend His brother always sticks up for him when there are fights on the playground.
take after resemble, in appearance or character Their new baby really takes after his mother!
take care of look after I asked her to take care of my plants when I go on vacation.
take off leave the ground Now that everyone was aboard, the plane is ready to take off.
take on hire or engage staff The restaurant will take on twenty new employees.
take out remove, extract I asked him politely to take out the trash.
tell off reprimand or criticize severely She told off the man for stepping in front of her in the bank line.
think over to consider The prime minister will think over the offer before she makes a final decision.
try on wear something to see if it fits Tom will need to try on the shirt to make sure it is the right size.
turn down refuse I offered to help clean up the mess, but he turned me down.
use up finish a product to the end My husband used up all the tea, so we need to stop by the store.
watch out be careful Please watch out when driving home in the rain.
wear out become unusable or become very tired Everyone was worn out after a long day hiking the mountain.
work out do physical exercise; find a solution or calculate something Aaron works out five times a week.
wipe off To clean The teacher wiped off the chalkboard after the lesson was over.

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