Simple Present Tense With Examples
What is the Simple Present:
The simple present,or (present simple), is a common tense in English, and common to new learners. It is used specifically with verbs like “to be” or “to have.” It is important to know when to use it and how to conjugate it. You will need the simple present mostly to talk about daily life activities.
Table of Contents
- 1. What is the Simple Present?
- 2. When to Use the Simple Present?
- 3. How to Use the Simple Present?
- 3.1 For Regular Verbs
- 3.2 Verbs That End in "ss, sh, ch, th, x, z", or "o"
- 3.3 Verbs That End in Consonant + "Y"
- 4. Conjugation of "To Have" and "To Go"
- 5. Exercises
When to Use:
1. For activities that happen regularly in the present:
- I feed my cat before leaving the house
- The airplane to Paris leaves every two hours.
- Anna drives to work at 9am.
2. When talking about facts:
- There are 7 days in a week.
- The sun rises in the East.
- Ice melts at high temperature.
3. For habits:
- Jamal goes to the gym every weekend.
- I eat lunch each day at 1pm.
- She reads a book every night.
How to Use:
Conjugating verbs in the present tense follows a regular pattern (that is, forms), which must be memorized. Here are the rules to understand:
1. For most regular verbs:
The third-person singular (he/she/it) is formed by adding an “s” at the end:
- I/you/we/you/they = drive
- He/she/it = drives
2. For verbs that end in ss, sh, ch, th, x, z, or o, add an es at the end:
- I/you/we/you/they = pass
- He/she/it = passes
- I/you/we/you/they = smash
- He/she/it = smashes
- I/you/we/you/they = touch
- He/she/it = touches
- I/you/we/you/they = bathe
- He/she/it = bathes
- I/you/we/you/they = fix
- He/she/it = fixes
- I/you/we/you/they = buzz
- He/she/it = buzzes
- I/you/we/you/they = go
- He/she/it = goes
- The verb to pass:
- The verb to smash:
- The verb to touch:
- The verb to bathe:
- The verb to fix:
- The verb to buzz:
- The verb to go:
3. For verbs that end in consonant + y, delete y and add ies:
- I/you/we/you/they = try
- He/she/it = tries
- I/you/we/you/they = study
- He/she/it = studies
- The verb to try:
- The verb to study:
Conjugation of "To Have" and "To Go"
The verb to have can be defined as the manner of showing possession or a quality.
To go is a verb that is related to movement (that is, travel) in a specific direction.
|Subject||To Have||The Rest of the sentence|
|I / you / we / they||have||a book.|
|he / she / it||has||a new house.|
Read these negative sentences:
- I like basketball but I don't like tennis. (don't = do not)
- I don't live in Paris now.
- I don't know how to dance but I play the guitar.
- Zed doesn't live in Italy. (doesn't = does not)