Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences

Conditionals (or if clauses) are used to describe the result of what could happen or what we wish would happen. There are five main ways of constructing conditionals sentences in English. In general, they all made up of an if clause and a main clause.

So, why would you want to learn about conditionals in the first place? Well, conditionals are extremely important in English language as they help us express regret, give advice or discuss facts.

🔍 Now you may ask: What is an if clause? Or a main clause? More specifically, what is a clause?

✅ A clause is basically a sentence that contains a subject and a verb, for example:

The if clause is “If Anna wakes up”.
The main clause is “she will sing”.

So, we mentioned that conditional sentences in English can be constructed in five cases. The following table shows the difference between them with suitable examples.

Type Function Examples
Conditional type zero to express facts If you sleep, you dream.
Conditional type one to express a result of a future event If he is late, I will be angry.
Conditional type two to talk about things in the future that are probably not going to be true She would travel all over the world if she were rich.
Conditional type three to describe a situation that didn't happen, and to imagine the result of this situation If we had taken a taxi, we wouldn't have missed the plane
Mixed conditionals refer to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present. If I had worked harder at school, I would have a better job now.

Examples:

Conditional type zero:

Conditional type one:

Conditional type two:

Conditional type three:

Conditional type mixed:


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